Alphabet and pronunciationPronunciation of vowelsPronunciation of semivowelsPronunciation of nasal vowelsPronunciation of consonantsTranscriptionNounsForming pluralsNoun gendersFeminine genderAdjectivesFeminine genderMaking adjectives pluralComparatives and superlativesArticlesDefinite articleIndefinite articlePartitive articlePronounsPersonal pronounsReflexive pronounsPossessive pronounsDemonstrative pronounsInterrogative pronounsNumeralsCardinal numbersOrdinal numbersMultiplicative numbersFractionsArithmetic operationsTelling the timeVerbsSimple verbal formsPresent tenseImperfect tenseFuture tenseThe conditionalThe imperativePresent participleGerundPast participleCompound verbal formsPerfect tensePluperfect tenseAuxiliary verbsPast participle agreementConditionSequence of tensesNegatives and questionsNon-verbal negativeVerbal negativeAdverbsDerived adverbsComparison of adverbsPrepositionsWord orderIrregular verbs

1 Alphabet and pronunciation

a [a] h [aʃ] o [o] v [ve]
b [be] i [i] p [pe] w [dublve]
c [se] j [ʒi] q [ky] x [iks]
d [de] k [ka] r [eʀ] y [igrek]
e [ə] l [el] s [es] z [zed]
f [ef] m [em] t [te]
g [ʒe] n [en] u [y]